- cut1 W1S1 [kʌt] v past tense and past participle cut present participle cutting▬▬▬▬▬▬▬1¦(reduce)¦2¦(divide something with a knife, scissors etc)¦3¦(make something shorter with a knife etc)¦4¦(remove parts from film etc)¦5¦(make a hole/mark)¦6¦(injure)¦7¦(make/form something by cutting)¦8¦(let somebody get free)¦9¦(tool/material)¦10¦(clothes)¦11¦(on computer)¦12¦(go a quick way)¦13¦(divide an area)¦14¦(playing cards)¦15¦(music)¦16¦(crops)¦17 cut a deal18 cut (somebody) a check19 Cut!20¦(put a film together)¦21 cut in line22 cut class/school23 cut your teeth (on something)24 cut corners25 cut something short26 cut somebody short27 cut the ...28 cut somebody dead29 cut your losses30¦(line)¦31¦(tooth)¦32 cut somebody to the quick/bone33 cut to the chase34 cut a fine/strange etc figure35 cut your own throat36 (it) cuts both ways37 cut the ground from under somebody's feet38 cut and run39 cut no ice/not cut much ice40 cut the (umbilical) cord41 not cut the mustard42¦(drugs)¦43 cut your coat according to your cloth44 to cut a long story short45 cut it/things fine46 not cut it47 cut a swathe through something48 you could cut the atmosphere with a knifePhrasal verbscut across somethingcut something<=>awaycut backcut downcut incut somebody/something offcut outcut through somethingcut up▬▬▬▬▬▬▬[Date: 1200-1300; Origin: From an unrecorded Old English cytan]1.) ¦(REDUCE)¦ [T]to reduce the amount of something▪ They're introducing CCTV cameras in an attempt to cut street crime in the area.▪ You need to cut the amount of fat and sugar in your diet.▪ Scientists are warning that unless carbon emissions are cut, we could be heading for an environmental catastrophe.▪ 700 jobs will be lost in order to cut costs and boost profits.▪ The major aviation companies need to cut prices if they are to compete with budget airlines.cut sth by £1 million/$5 billion/half etc▪ The welfare budget has been cut by $56 billion.cut sth off sth▪ A new direct service will cut two hours off the flying time between London and Seoul.▪ Staffing levels had already been cut to the bone (=reduced to the lowest level possible) .2.) ¦(DIVIDE SOMETHING WITH A KNIFE, SCISSORS ETC)¦ [I and T]to divide something or separate something from its main part, using scissors, a knife etc▪ Do you want me to cut the cake?▪ The telephone wires had been cut minutes before the assault.cut sth with sth▪ Jane cut the cord with a knife.cut sb sth▪ Can you cut me a piece of bread, please?cut along/across/round etc▪ Using a pair of scissors, cut carefully along the dotted lines.cut through▪ We'll need a saw that will cut through metal.cut sth in half/in two▪ Cut the orange in half.cut sth into slices/chunks/pieces etc(=make something into a particular shape by cutting)▪ Cut the carrots into thin strips.cut sth to size/length(=cut something so that it is the size you need)▪ The curtain pole can be cut to length.→cut away,cut off,cut out, ↑cut up3.) ¦(MAKE SOMETHING SHORTER WITH A KNIFE ETC)¦ [T]to make something shorter with a knife, scissors etc, especially in order to make it neater▪ For reasons of hygiene, we had to cut our fingernails really short.cut the lawn/grass/hedge etc▪ From outside the open window came the sound of someone cutting the hedge.have/get your hair cut▪ Isn't it about time you got your hair cut?4.) ¦(REMOVE PARTS FROM FILM ETC)¦ [T]to remove parts from a film, book, speech etc, for example because it is too long or might offend people▪ The original version was cut by more than 30 minutes.5.) ¦(MAKE A HOLE/MARK)¦ [I and T]to make a hole or mark in the surface of something, or to open it using a sharp toolcut into▪ The blade cut deep into the wood.cut sth into sth▪ Strange letters had been cut into the stone.▪ Cut a hole in the middle of the paper.▪ Cut open the chillies and remove the seeds.6.) ¦(INJURE)¦ [T]to injure yourself on something sharp that breaks the skin and makes you bleedcut your finger/knee/hand etc▪ I noticed he'd cut his finger quite badly.cut yourself (on sth)▪ Marcie said she'd cut herself on a broken glass.▪ That knife's extremely sharp! Mind you don't cut yourself.▪ On Eric's chin was a scrap of cotton wool where he'd cut himself shaving .▪ She fell and cut her head open .7.) ¦(MAKE/FORM SOMETHING BY CUTTING)¦ [T]to make or form something from a solid piece of wood, metal etc using a sharp tool▪ I'll get a spare key cut for you.cut sth from sth▪ The chair had been cut from the trunk of a tree.8.) ¦(LET SOMEBODY GET FREE)¦ [T]to cut something such as metal or rope in order to let someone escape from where they are trappedcut sb from sth▪ She had to be cut from the wreckage of her car.▪ He was in the vehicle for an hour before he was cut free .9.) ¦(TOOL/MATERIAL)¦if a tool cuts well, badly etc, it cuts things well or badly etc▪ professional quality tools that cut efficiently and smoothly10.) ¦(CLOTHES)¦ [T usually passive]if a piece of clothing is cut in a particular way, that is the way it is designed and made▪ The T-shirt is cut fairly low at the neck.11.) ¦(ON COMPUTER)¦ [I and T]to remove something from a document or ↑file on a computer▪ To cut text, press Control + C.▪ Cut and paste the picture into a new file (=remove it and then make it appear in a new file) .12.) ¦(GO A QUICK WAY)¦ [I always + adverb/preposition]to get to somewhere by a quicker and more direct way than the usual way→↑shortcut cut through/down/across etc▪ I usually cut through the car park to get to work.▪ Let's cut across the field.13.) ¦(DIVIDE AN AREA)¦ [I and T]to divide an area into two or more partscut sth in/into sth▪ The river cuts the whole region in two.cut through▪ The new road will cut through a conservation area.14.) ¦(PLAYING CARDS)¦ [I and T]to divide a pack of cards into two▪ First cut the pack, and then deal the cards15.) ¦(MUSIC)¦ [T]to produce a ↑CD, song etc for people to buy▪ The band cut their first single in 2001.16.) ¦(CROPS)¦ [T]to take the top part off crops such as wheat before gathering them17.) cut a dealto make a business deal▪ A French company has reportedly cut a deal to produce software for government agencies.18.) cut (sb) a check[i]AmE informal to write a ↑check for a particular amount of money and give it to someone▪ When the damage assessor called, he cut a check for $139.19.) Cut!spoken said by the ↑director of a film to tell people to stop acting, filming etc20.) ¦(PUT A FILM TOGETHER)¦ [T]to put the parts of a film together so that they make a continuous story, and get rid of the parts you do not want21.) cut in lineAmE to unfairly go in front of other people who are waiting to do something22.) cut class/schoolAmE informal to deliberately not go to a class that you should go to▪ She started cutting classes.23.) cut your teeth (on sth)to get your first experience of doing something and learn the basic skills▪ Both reporters cut their journalistic teeth on the same provincial newspaper.24.) cut cornersto do something in a way that saves time, effort, or money, but that also results in it not being done properly▪ There's always a temptation to cut corners when you're pushed for time, but it's not usually worth it.25.) cut sth shortto stop doing something earlier than you planned▪ The band has cut short its US concert tour.▪ Her athletic career was cut short by a leg injury.26.) cut sb shortto stop someone from finishing what they wanted to say▪ I tried to explain, but he cut me short.27.) cut the ...spoken an impolite way of telling someone to stop doing something because it is annoying you▪ Cut the sarcasm, Jane, and tell me what really happened!▪ Cut the crap (=stop saying something that is not true) ! I saw his car outside your house.28.) cut sb deadto deliberately ignore someone when you meet them▪ I saw Ian in town but he cut me dead.29.) cut your lossesto stop doing something that is failing, so that you do not waste any more money, time, or effort▪ He decided to cut his losses and sell the business.30.)¦(LINE)¦ [T]if a line cuts another line, they cross each other at a particular point31.) ¦(TOOTH)¦ [T]if a baby cuts a tooth, the tooth starts to grow32.) cut sb to the quick/boneliterary to upset someone very much by saying something cruel▪ His mockery frightened her and cut her to the bone.33.) cut to the chase informalto immediately start dealing with the most important part of something34.) cut a fine/strange etc figureliterary to have an impressive, strange etc appearance▪ Mason cuts a battered but defiant figure.35.) cut your own throatto behave in a way that will cause harm to yourself, especially because you are very offended or angry about something▪ He'd just be cutting his own throat if he left now.36.) (it) cuts both waysspoken used to say that something has two effects, especially a good effect and a bad one▪ The higher the interest rate, the greater the financial risk - which, of course, cuts both ways.37.) cut the ground from under sb's feetto make someone or their ideas seem less impressive by having better ideas yourself or doing something before they do38.) cut and run informalto avoid a difficult situation by leaving suddenly▪ Although the company has faced financial difficulties, they do not intend to cut and run.39.) cut no ice/not cut much iceif something cuts no ice with someone, it will not persuade them to change their opinion or decision▪ It's unlikely that these arguments will cut much ice with Democrats.40.) cut the (umbilical) cordto stop being too dependent on someone, especially your parents41.) not cut the mustard informalto not be good enough▪ Other magazines have tried to copy the formula but have never quite cut the mustard.42.) ¦(DRUGS)¦ [T usually passive]to mix an illegal drug such as ↑heroin with another substance43.) cut your coat according to your clothto spend only as much money as you can afford44.) to cut a long story shortspoken used to say that you are only going to mention the main facts of something▪ To cut a long story short, he threw them out of the house.45.) cut it/things finecut it close AmEto leave yourself just enough time to do something▪ Even in normal traffic, 20 minutes to get to the airport is cutting it fine.46.) not cut it informalto not be good enough to do something▪ Players who can't cut it soon quit the team.47.) cut a swathe through sthliterary to cause a lot of damage in a place or among a group of people▪ A series of bribery scandals has cut a swathe through the government.48.) you could cut the atmosphere with a knife informalused to say that everyone in a place is very annoyed or angry with each other and this is very easy to noticecut across [cut across sth] phr vif a problem or feeling cuts across different groups of people, they are all affected by it▪ Domestic violence seems to cut across most social divisions.cut away [cut sth<=>away] phr vto remove unwanted or unnecessary parts from something by cutting it▪ Cut away all the dead wood.cut back phr v1.) to reduce the amount, size, cost etc of somethingcut back on▪ Several major hospitals are cutting back on staff at the moment.cut sth<=>back▪ Education spending cannot be cut back any further.▪ Richer countries must do more to cut back carbon emissions.→↑cutback2.) cut sth<=>backto remove the top part of a plant in order to help it to grow▪ Cut back the shoots in spring to encourage bushier growth.3.) to eat, drink, or use less of something, especially in order to improve your healthcut back on▪ Try to cut back on foods containing wheat and dairy products.cut down phr v1.) ¦(REDUCE)¦to reduce the amount of somethingcut sth<=>down▪ Installing double-glazing will cut down the noise from traffic.cut down on▪ By getting the design right, you can cut down on accidents.2.) ¦(EAT/USE LESS)¦to eat, drink, or use less of something, especially in order to improve your health▪ I've always smoked, but I'm trying to cut down.cut down on▪ Cut down on fatty foods and alcohol if you want to lose weight.3.) ¦(TREE)¦cut sth<=>downto cut through the main part of a tree so that it falls on the ground4.) ¦(KILL)¦cut sb<=>downliterary to kill or injure someone, especially in a battle▪ Hundreds of men were cut down by crossbow fire.5.) ¦(REDUCE LENGTH)¦cut sth<=>downto reduce the length of something such as a piece of writing▪ Your essay's too long - it needs cutting down a little.6.) cut sb down to sizeto make someone realize that they are not as important, successful etc as they think they arecut in phr v1.) ¦(INTERRUPT)¦to interrupt someone who is speaking by saying something▪ 'What shall I do?' Patrick cut in again.cut in on▪ Sorry to cut in on you, but there are one or two things I don't understand.2.) ¦(DRIVING)¦to suddenly drive in front of a moving car in a dangerous waycut in on▪ She cut in on a red Ford, forcing the driver to brake heavily.3.) ¦(MACHINE)¦if a part of a machine cuts in, it starts to operate when it is needed▪ The safety device cuts in automatically.4.) ¦(INCLUDE SOMEBODY)¦cut sb in informalto allow someone to take part in a plan or to make money from itcut somebody in on▪ Come on, Joey, you said you were going to cut me in on this one!cut off [cut sb/sth off] phr v1.) ¦(SEPARATE)¦cut sth<=>offto separate something by cutting it away from the main part▪ One of his fingers was cut off in the accident.cut sth off sth▪ Cut the fat off the meat.2.) ¦(STOP SUPPLY)¦cut sth<=>offto stop the supply of something such as electricity, gas, water etc▪ The gas had been cut off.▪ The US has threatened to cut off economic and military aid.3.) get cut offto suddenly not be able to hear someone that you were speaking to on the telephone▪ I don't know what happened - we just got cut off.4.) be cut offa) if a place is cut off, people cannot leave it or reach it▪ In winter, the town is often cut off by snow.b) to be a long way from other places and be difficult to get to▪ Accessible only by air, the town is cut off from the rest of the country.c) if someone is cut off, they are lonely and not able to meet many other people▪ Many older people feel cut off and isolated.5.) ¦(STOP BEING FRIENDLY)¦cut sb<=>offto stop having a friendly relationship with someone▪ Julia had been completely cut off by all her family and friends.cut yourself off (from sb)▪ After his wife died, he cut himself off completely from the rest of the world.6.) ¦(INTERRUPT)¦to interrupt someone and stop them from finishing what they were saying▪ Emma cut him off in mid-sentence.7.) ¦(PREVENT SOMETHING)¦cut sb off from sthto prevent someone from having something that they need or want▪ The project aims to ensure that poorer people are not cut off from the benefits of computer technology.8.) ¦(MONEY/PROPERTY)¦to refuse to let someone receive your money or property, especially when you die▪ My parents threatened to cut me off without a penny if I married him.9.) ¦(DRIVING)¦cut sb<=>offAmE to suddenly drive in front of a moving car in a dangerous way▪ A man in a station wagon cut me off on the freeway.10.) cut off your nose to spite your faceto do something because you are angry, even though it will harm youcut out phr v1.) ¦(REMOVE SOMETHING)¦cut sth<=>outto remove something by cutting round it▪ The cancerous cells had to be cut out.cut something<=>out of▪ Billy showed me the article he'd cut out of the magazine2.) ¦(CUT A SHAPE)¦cut sth<=>outto cut a shape from a piece of paper, cloth etc▪ The children were cutting out squares from the scraps of material.3.) ¦(STOP SOMETHING HAPPENING)¦cut sth<=>outto stop something from happening or existing▪ The idea behind these forms is to cut out fraud.▪ A catalytic converter will cut out 90% of carbon monoxide emissions.4.) ¦(STOP DOING/EATING SOMETHING)¦cut sth<=>outto stop doing or eating something, especially because it might be bad for your health▪ The current advice to pregnant women is to cut out alcohol.5.) ¦(FROM WRITING)¦cut sth<=>outto remove something from a piece of writing, especially because it might offend people▪ I would cut out that last bit about racial prejudice.6.) cut it/that outspoken used to tell someone to stop doing something because it is annoying you▪ Hey, you guys, cut it out - Mom's trying to get some sleep.7.) ¦(NOT INVOLVE SOMEBODY)¦cut sb<=>outto stop someone from doing something or being involved in something▪ The new rules will cut out 25% of people who were previously eligible to vote.8.) be cut out for sth also be cut out to be sth [usually in questions and negatives]to have the qualities that you need for a particular job or activity▪ In the end, I decided I wasn't cut out for the army.▪ Are you sure you're really cut out to be a teacher?9.) ¦(ENGINE)¦if an engine or machine cuts out, it suddenly stops working▪ The engine cut out halfway across the lake.10.) ¦(LIGHT/VIEW)¦cut sth<=>outto prevent light, sound etc from reaching somewhere▪ You'll need sunglasses that will cut out harmful UV rays from the sun.11.) cut sb outto prevent someone from getting something, especially your money after your death▪ Em's father decided to cut her out of his will .→have your work cut out at ↑work2 (15)→cut out the middleman at ↑middlemancut through [cut through sth] phr v1.) written to move or pass easily through water or air▪ The boat cut effortlessly through the water.2.) to quickly and easily deal with something that is confusing or difficult▪ You need someone to help you cut through all the irritating legal jargon.3.) literary if a sound cuts through silence or noise, it is heard because it is loud▪ A piercing shriek cut through the silence.cut up phr v1.) ¦(CUT INTO PIECES)¦cut sth<=>upto cut something into small pieces▪ Could you cut the pizza up, please?cut something<=>up into▪ He cut the paper up into little pieces.2.) ¦(DRIVING)¦cut sb/sth<=>upBrE to suddenly drive in front of a moving vehicle in a dangerous way▪ Some idiot cut me up on the motorway.3.) ¦(BEHAVE BADLY)¦AmE informal to behave in a noisy or rude way4.) cut up roughBrE informal to react in an angry or violent way▪ Careful how you approach him - he can cut up a bit rough if he's got a mind to.5.) ¦(CRITICIZE)¦cut sb<=>up informalto criticize someone in an unpleasant way→↑cut up▬▬▬▬▬▬▬WORD FOCUS: words meaning cutchop to cut vegetables, meat, or wood into piecesslice to cut bread, vegetables, or meat into thin piecesdice to cut vegetables into small piecespeel to cut the outside part off an onion, apple etcgrate to cut cheese or vegetables into small pieces by rubbing them against a special toolcarve to cut pieces from a large piece of meatsaw to cut wood using a special tool called a sawchop down to cut down a tree, using an axesnip to cut something quickly using scissorsshave to remove hair from your face or bodytrim to remove small parts of something to make it look neatmow to cut grassprune to cut off the top part of plants, in order to make them grow betterSee also: slit, slash, graze, gash, amputate▬▬▬▬▬▬▬cut 2cut2 W2S2 n▬▬▬▬▬▬▬1¦(reduction)¦2¦(skin wound)¦3¦(hole/mark)¦4¦(hair)¦5¦(clothes)¦6¦(share of something)¦7¦(removal from film)¦8¦(film)¦9 the cut and thrust of something10 be a cut above something11¦(meat)¦12¦(road)¦▬▬▬▬▬▬▬1.) ¦(REDUCTION)¦ [usually plural]a reduction in the size or amount of something, especially the amount of money that is spent by a government or company▪ There will be cuts across all levels of the company.cut in▪ Cuts in public spending mean that fewer people can go on to higher education.▪ The decision to make cuts in health care provision has been widely criticized.tax/pay/job etc cuts▪ A shorter working week will mean pay cuts for millions of workers.▪ The building plans could be hit by possible spending cuts .cut of▪ A cut of 1% in interest rates was announced yesterday.2.) ¦(SKIN WOUND)¦a wound that is caused when something sharp cuts your skin▪ That's quite a nasty cut - you ought to get it seen to by a doctor.▪ The driver escaped with minor cuts and bruises .3.) ¦(HOLE/MARK)¦a narrow hole in or mark in the surface of something, made by a sharp tool or object▪ Make a small cut in the paper.4.) ¦(HAIR)¦ [usually singular]a) an act of cutting someone's hair= ↑haircut▪ How much do they charge for a cut and blow-dry?b) the style in which your hair is cut= ↑haircut▪ a short stylish cut5.) ¦(CLOTHES)¦ [usually singular]the style in which clothes have been made▪ I could tell by the cut of his suit that he wasn't a poor man.6.) ¦(SHARE OF SOMETHING)¦ [usually singular]someone's share of something, especially moneycut of▪ She was determined to claim her cut of the winnings.7.) ¦(REMOVAL FROM FILM)¦an act of removing a part from a film, play, piece of writing etc, or a part that has been removed8.) ¦(FILM)¦ [usually singular]the process of putting together the different parts of a film and removing the parts that will not be shown▪ Spielberg himself oversaw the final cut.9.) the cut and thrust of sththe exciting but sometimes difficult or unpleasant way that something is done▪ the cut and thrust of political debate10.) be a cut above sthto be much better than someone else or something else▪ The movie is a cut above recent thrillers.▪ He proved himself to be a cut above the rest in last week's competition.11.) ¦(MEAT)¦a piece of meat that has been cut to a size suitable for cooking or eating▪ Long slow cooking is more suitable for cheaper cuts of meat.12.) ¦(ROAD)¦AmE a road that has been made through a hill
Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.